Syllabus for CBSE Class 10

Syllabus for CBSE Class 10

Is it that time of the year again? If you have not had a chance to skim through your latest syllabus yet or just want to revisit some key topics, this blog is here to help! This article has gathered together information about Syllabus for CBSE Class 10 Term 1 and exam preparation for CBSE Class 10. Read below to know more about how you can prepare for exams. Below are some essential study tips to help you prepare for your Class 10 CBSE exams. Here are a few reading suggestions too!

About CBSE

The Central Board of Secondary Education, India’s national board of education, holds control over curriculum and examination standards after it became an autonomous institution in 1962. The board implements a 10-year education system with standards set by the National Council for Educational Research and Training, which it also monitors.

The Central Board of Secondary Education was established in May 1953 by an act of Parliament to coordinate and regulate secondary school education throughout India. It was established under the recommendation of the Four-Year Plan Committee. The act also sought to make the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), an autonomous institution. The first committee set up under the act instituted the 10-year course in school education for secondary school students after receiving much criticism. This grading system is maintained at present. Graduates are awarded a diploma after passing specified courses for diplomas, national finals, state finals, and central board exams (CBSE).

Essential Study Tips for Class 10 CBSE Exam

As you prepare for the CBSE Class 10 exam this month, here are a few study tips that will help you ace the exam.

1. Use notes to help memorize vocabulary and word usage that might stump you in an essay or an interview. You can even use apps like Evernote to take pictures of sentences and words and add them straight to your notes to speed up your learning process.

2. Get a good night’s sleep and eat a healthy breakfast each morning. Good sleep and a healthy breakfast will give you the energy you need to study all day long. It will also ensure that you don’t get cranky or exhausted, which is surely not conducive to learning.

3. If you aren’t understanding a particular theory or concept, try teaching it to somebody else (your parents, sibling, or friends). By teaching it to somebody else, you’ll see if there are any holes or muddles in your understanding of that theory or concept and you can then work out ways of rectifying your mistake.

4. If you’re too stressed to study, then try going for a 5-minute walk or a 20-minute run to get the stress out of your system. This will allow you to return to your books refreshed and with renewed energy.

5. While revising, highlight important words and concepts from the book so that you can remember them better during an exam. It would also help if you took notes using colored pens in order to make your revision easier.

Syllabus for CBSE Class 10

Syllabus for CBSE Class 10 Term 1

This year CBSE has divided the final board exam into two terms: Term 1 and Term 2.

Syllabus for Class 10 Maths – Term 1

Unit Name Marks
Total 40

Syllabus for Class 10 Science – Term 1

Unit Name Chapter No. Marks
Chemical Substances Nature and Behaviour Chapter 1, 2 and 3 16
World of Living Chapter 6 10
Natural Phenomena Chapter 10 and 11 14
Total 40

Syllabus for class 10 English – Term 1

Section Name Marks
Reading 10
Writing And Grammar 10
Literature 20
Total 40


  • Discursive passage (400-450 words)
  • Case-based Factual passage


Formal letter based on a given situation.

  • Letter to the Editor
  • Letter of Complaint (Official)
  • Letter of Complaint (Business)


  • Tenses
  • Modals
  • Subject-Verb Concord
  • Determiner
  • Reported Speech
  • Commands and Requests
  • Statements
  • Questions



  • A Letter to God
  • Nelson Mandela
  • Two Stories About Flying
  • From the Diary of Anne Frank
  • The Hundred Dresses 1
  • The Hundred Dresses 2


  • Dust of Snow
  • Fire and Ice
  • A Tiger in the Zoo
  • The Ball Poem


  • A Triumph of Surgery
  • The Thief’s Story
  • Footprints Without Feet

Syllabus for Class 10 Social Science – Term 1

Section Name Marks
India and the Contemporary World -1 10
Contemporary India – I 10
Democratic Politics – I 10
Economics 10
Total 40

India and the Contemporary World – II

Section 1: Events and Processes

1. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe

  • The French Revolution
  • The Making of Nationalism in Europe
  • The Age of Revolutions: 1830-1848
  • The Making of Germany and Italy
  • Visualizing the Nation
  • Nationalism and Imperialism

Contemporary India – II

1. Resources and Development

  • Types of Resources
  • Development of Resources
  • Resource Planning in India
  • Land Resources
  • Land Utilization
  • Land Use Pattern in India
  • Land Degradation and Conservation Measures
  • Soil as a Resource
  • Classification of Soils
  • Soil Erosion and Soil Conservation

2. Water Resources

  • Water Scarcity
  • Multi-Purpose River Projects and Integrated Water Resources Management
  • Rainwater Harvesting


  • Types of farming
  • Cropping Pattern
  • Major Crops
  • Technological and Institutional Reforms
  • Impact of Globalization on Agriculture

Democratic Politics – II

1. Power Sharing

  • Case Studies of Belgium and Sri Lanka
  • Why is power sharing desirable?
  • Forms of Power Sharing

2. Federalism

  • What is Federalism?
  • What makes India a Federal Country?
  • How is Federalism practiced?
  • Decentralization in India


1. Development

  • What Development Promises – Different people have different goals
  • Income and other goals
  • National Development
  • How do you compare different countries or states?
  • Income and other criteria
  • Public Facilities
  • Sustainability of development

2. Sectors of the Indian Economy

  • Sectors of Economic Activities
  • Comparing the three sectors
  • Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Sectors in India
  • Division of sectors as organized and unorganized


Exams are around the corner. Organize yourself with an exam timetable that helps fit in your studies for one subject at a time. This will help you focus on one subject at a time. For instance, if you study Chemistry in the mornings, then study Maths in the afternoon and Geography in the evening.

Salman Zafar

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