Insights into Biomass Pyrolysis

Biomass pyrolysis is the thermal decomposition of biomass occurring in the absence of oxygen. It is the fundamental chemical reaction that is the precursor of both the combustion and gasification processes and occurs naturally in the first two seconds. The products of biomass pyrolysis include biochar, bio-oil and gases including methane, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and […]

Winter Smog – Causes, Impacts and Management

The recent winter smog in New Delhi was in the news worldwide. This year, the air quality during the winter hit a record low as per global standards which not only caused massive disruption in daily activities but also created a mass public health crisis with spike in patient population with asthma and lung and […]

Biomass Energy Prospects in Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia, with its abundant biomass resources, holds a strategic position in the global biomass energy atlas. There is immense potential of biopower in Southeast Asian countries due to plentiful supply of diverse forms of wastes such as agricultural residues, woody biomass, animal wastes, municipal solid waste, etc. The rapid economic growth and industrialization in […]

Waste as a Source of Energy

Wastes can be transformed into clean and efficient energy and fuel by a variety of technologies, ranging from conventional combustion process to state-of-the art plasma gasification technology. Besides recovery of substantial energy, these technologies can lead to a substantial reduction in the overall waste quantities requiring final disposal, which can be better managed for safe […]

Making of Biomass Pellets

Biomass pellets are a type of biomass fuel, generally made from wastes from wood products manufacture, agricultural wastes, forestry residues etc. Pellets are manufactured in several types and grades as fuels for electric power plants, homes, and other applications. Pellets are extremely dense and can be produced with a low moisture content (below 10%) that allows them […]

Rational Approach to Agricultural Waste Management

Traditional methods of farm waste management are unscientific and have several negative externalities associated with them. Being the emitter of stock pollutants, like CO, SOx, NOx, PAHs, and aerosols, which accumulates in the atmosphere, traditional practices have a regional impact apart from local damage. Crop burning decrease the fertility of soil. To meet increasing market demand […]

Bioenergy in Middle East and North Africa

There is a large potential for renewable resources in the Middle East which have remained more or less unharnessed. Apart from solar and wind, the Middle East also has abundant biomass energy resources which have remained unexplored to a great extent. According to conservative estimates, the potential of biomass energy in the Euro-Mediterranean region is […]