Greening Your Roofs

Green roofs are emerging technologies that can provide a wide range of tangible and intangible benefits to communities interested in enhancement of their environment. Green roof development involves the construction of a vegetative layer on top of a human-made structure or building adding green spaces to areas that would otherwise be unused.  The major benefits […]

Why 1.5 Degrees Matters

The world cannot achieve the sustainable development goals he pledged for in 2016 by going higher than 1.5°C.  Currently we are 1.1 degree C above pre-industrial state.  Many countries are facing the effects of the rise in global temperatures. Rising 1.5°C will have major adverse effects on least developed countries (LDC), Africa, and Small Island […]

Climate Variability and its Causes

Earth’s climate has always been affected by a range of natural factors. It is known to have changed significantly during recorded history, even before gaseous emissions from human activity could have posed any significant threat to atmospheric or climatic conditions. Natural climate variability can arise from natural forcing mechanism which includes both internal oscillations and […]

Introduction to Hydroponic Farming

Hydroponic farming is a method of growing plants using mineral nutrient solutions, in water, without soil. The hydroponic gardener regulates the composition of nutrients in the liquid solution used to water the plants. He/She also regulates the frequency of supplying the nutrients to the plants. Simply, the hydroponic gardener controls the growing environment of the plants. The […]

COP23: Perspectives for Lebanon

This year the 23rd Conference of Parties (COP23) will be held in Bonn, Germany from 6-17 November. Although it will be held in Bonn, the Republic of Fiji will head it. The Fijian COP23 presidency had set a goal for COP23, which is uniting coalitions of the private sector, civil society and government and the […]

Heat Impacts of Climate Change

2016 was the hottest year in world’s history. The strong El Niño marched forward in 2016, raising the possibility that 2017 will again set a global temperature record. The El Niño pattern is also disturbing the circulation of the atmosphere, contributing to worldwide weather extremes that may include a drought in many countries, threatening the […]

Urban Heat Island Effect: Causes, Impacts and Mitigation

The urban heat island (UHI) effect arises due to absorption of incident radiation from the sun by built surfaces of tall buildings, roof, concrete structures and asphalt roads and then releasing it in the form of heat. The term “urban heat island” describes the built-up areas that are significantly hotter than the surrounding open, natural […]