How to Treat Industrial Wastewater without Chemicals

According to The United Nations World Water Development Report 2017, the volumes of industrial wastewater could double by 2025, while the market for wastewater treatment technologies is also predicted to grow as much by 2020. This shouldn’t be a surprise since wastewater can present an opportunity for cost saving and reducing water dependency when managed […]

Biological Decomposition of Oil Raw Sludge and Oil Sludge

The list of the types of oil raw sludge includes off-grade oily or hydrocarbon bearing mixtures. The team of Writemyessaynow understand how important ecology is. That’s why we have collected and checked many papers before writing this article. The main sources of oil raw sludge are: Oil polluted priming coats of sectional and other industrial […]

Algae Biorefinery Project in Saudi Arabia

The King Abdulaziz City for Science & Technology (KACST) is funding an innovative project called Saudi Arabia Biorefinery from Algae (SABA Project) to screen for lipid hyper-producers species in Saudi Arabia coastal waters. These species will be the basis for next-generation algal biofuel production. The goal of this project is to increase research and training […]

Advances in Aeration Turbine Technology

The future of aeration technology lies in really dynamic solutions, such as turbines. They are in jet planes and even cars, hydro power plants, steam turbines, gas turbines and as wind turbines. They convert electricity to various kinds of flow and vice versa. Surely this is where the action is, so work should be done […]

Environment Protection through Algae-Powered Innovations

Sustainability in the construction sector is a focus that needs to be made a priority in order to make a realistic transition to a low-carbon economy. Algae-powered Innovations is one such solution that can significantly benefit our environment and preserve our fast-depleting natural resources. As a source of power that is both viable and ethically […]

Biogas from Industrial Wastes

Biogas (or anaerobic digestion) technology is an attractive way to manage organic wastes in a sustainable manner. Organic waste includes a wide range of organic materials obtained from domestic, industrial and commercial operations. Most of the organic waste generated in developing countries is dumped into the landfills where it is not only responsible for large-scale greenhouse gas […]

Is Drinking Rainwater Dangerous for Health

Is drinking rainwater dangerous for human health? The short answer: in some cases. Below are details on the kind of rainwater you can drink and not drink, as well as the things that can be done to make rainwater safer for consumption. Rainwater You Should Avoid Drinking Each drop of rain passes the atmosphere before […]

The Promise of Biobutanol

The major technical and commercial limitations of existing biofuels has catalyzed the development of advanced biofuels such as cellulosic ethanol, biobutanol and mixed alcohols. Biobutanol is generating good deal of interest as a potential green alternative to petroleum fuels. It is increasingly being considered as a superior automobile fuel in comparison to bioethanol as its […]

Jatropha – The Wonder Crop

Jatropha is a genus of nearly 175 species of shrubs, low-growing plants, and trees.  However, discussions of Jatropha as a biodiesel feedstock are actually means a particular species of the plant, Jatropha curcas. The plant is indigenous to parts of Central America, however it has spread to other tropical and subtropical regions in Africa and Asia. Jatropha […]

Passive Solar Design: Green Energy For Air Conditioning and Heating

Passive solar design is a method to collect solar energy using windows, walls, floors etc and distribute it to the room during winters to maintain considerably high temperature than outside or reject it to maintain inside temperature considerably cool during summer thus providing a natural air-conditioning system. The system does not require any mechanical or […]

The Promise of Biochar and Bio Oil

Biomass pyrolysis transforms organic material such as agricultural residues and wood chips into three main components: syngas, bio-oil and biochar (which contain about 60 per cent of the carbon contained in the biomass. Biomass pyrolysis process can be used to sequester the carbon and  remove circulating carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and stores it in virtually […]

A Glance at Drilling Wastes Management

Drilling waste management technologies and practices can be grouped into three major categories: minimization, recycle/reuse, and disposal. During the exploration and production of oil, huge amounts of drilling wastes are produced in the form of mud and cuttings. As per conservative estimates, around 0.37 kg of drilling wastes is generated for every barrel of oil […]

A Glance at Future Renewable Energy Systems

We have a lot of renewable energy sources in the past 50 years because of the hard work of scientists. But the problem is that these are very expensive and their productivity depends on the weather. Scientists are now trying to find out how alternate methods can be found. The source of energy that will supply […]

Why 1.5 Degrees Matters

The world cannot achieve the sustainable development goals he pledged for in 2016 by going higher than 1.5°C.  Currently we are 1.1 degree C above pre-industrial state.  Many countries are facing the effects of the rise in global temperatures. Rising 1.5°C will have major adverse effects on least developed countries (LDC), Africa, and Small Island […]

Climate Variability and its Causes

Earth’s climate has always been affected by a range of natural factors. It is known to have changed significantly during recorded history, even before gaseous emissions from human activity could have posed any significant threat to atmospheric or climatic conditions. Natural climate variability can arise from natural forcing mechanism which includes both internal oscillations and […]

Key Topics Affecting The Future Of Sustainable Agriculture

If you were to look at the forecasts and predictions on paper, the fact we’re faced with a changing climate and over nine billion people to feed by 2050 could be seen as bleak. Uncertainty on how to continue our current and the rising competition for food are the two major obstacles that we need […]

How Weather Affects Solar Panel Efficiency

Solar panels are an inevitable roof addition to install in order to cut electricity costs and contribute to the environment. Technology has became so advanced that panels nowadays can be almost unnoticeable or become a unique addition to your roofing system. More and more people decide to put them on their property motivated by all […]

5 Things to Keep in Mind Before Buying a Projector

Many people buy projectors for a variety of reasons which may range from offering student-friendly classroom lectures to making a workplace presentation. The quality of any project becomes enhanced when it is accompanied by proper visual aids and sound explanations. When it comes to buying the right projector, it may become something of a difficult […]

Integration of Solar Energy in Buildings

Application of solar energy systems in building design saves money and conserves energy, in addition to attractive architectural designs and improving environmental conditions surrounding the building. Passive solar technologies and PV systems can be effectively used making a building sustainable. Passive Solar Design Passive solar technologies directly take advantage of the sun’s light and heat […]

Our Health Is Our Greatest Wealth

In partnership with Elysium Health, we wish to highlight the importance of good health. In order to live a fulfilling life, there are certain desires that we all have. We want to be able to have a happy family life, we want to avoid poverty, and we want to be able to have good health. […]

Dealing with Mercury Spill

Mercury finds widespread use in medical devices, industrial instruments, lighting etc. The most common applications are in high-pressure sodium lamps and fluorescent bulbs, thermostats, spent batteries, sphygmomanometers, thermometers and dental amalgams. More mercury going to landfills The amount of mercury going into landfills is increasing every year because of the growing use of mercury-based healthcare, […]

COP21: A Message from Sudan

On Monday November 30th the COP21 commenced in Paris with a leaders’ event at Le Bourget. Each head of state carried out a speech, and statements were different in their contexts let alone the fact that some heads of state had the opportunity to speak and skipped their turn. It is maybe because they are […]

America’s Oil Independence and Energy Beets

Oil made America great in the beginnings of the last century with the industrial revolution. The U.S. has been so dependent on this oil that we have foreign policies that revolve around it that we have gone to wars over risking our own national security. Some 35 plus years ago America went through a true energy […]

Biorefinery – Source of Advanced Biofuels

A biorefinery is a facility that integrates biomass conversion processes and equipment to produce fuels, power, and value-added chemicals from biomass. A biorefinery is analogous to a petroleum refinery, which produces multiple fuels and products from petroleum. By producing several products, a biorefinery takes advantage of the various components in biomass and their intermediates, therefore […]

Chemical Pollution and its Contribution to Disease Proliferation

While the effects of chemical pollution on human health are poorly defined, its contribution to the global burden of disease is almost certainly underestimated? Diseases caused by pollution were responsible for an estimated 9 million premature deaths in 2015—16% of all deaths worldwide, which is three times more deaths than from AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria […]

Busting Away Pains Of Depression With TMS Health Solutions

Fortunately for society, seeking help for mental health issues is increasingly becoming acceptable, and steadily shedding the stigma that it’s been attached to for far too long. While men still don’t talk about their feelings as much as their female counterparts, the shedding of the aforementioned stigma against getting help with mental health issues – […]

Wind Energy Technology: Promise and Problems

The demand for renewable energy has outstripped our technology’s ability to provide it. The introduction of battery storage has greatly boosted the ability of renewable technologies to provide a steady and predictable supply of electricity, but lithium batteries are not a long-term solution. Current wind turbine technology isn’t a long-term solution, either. With wind power […]

Disaster Cleanup Process is a Major Strategic Operation

The frequency of occurrence of natural disasters and man-made states of devastation are increasing exponentially.  The actual natural disaster is a major challenge for all those in the immediate vicinity, but likewise, the cleanup operations are also strategic nightmares that need to be acted upon in a timely manner so as to minimize further hazards […]

Power to the People: Electric Choice Explained

Seventeen states and the District of Columbia have adopted electric retail choice programs that allow end-use customers to buy electricity from competitive retail suppliers. Here’s an overview about how these programs work. What is Electric Choice Electric choice is the result of electricity deregulation meaning if you live where deregulation has taken place, you no […]

Water Current Turbines in Malaysia: Perspectives

Generation of energy using ocean water currents is one of the most important yet unexplored and neglected topic in Malaysia. Water current turbines are energy contributors which can reduce conventional energy dependency and decrease dependence on conventional fossil fuels in the country. In case of water current turbines, issue of space comes nowhere, what matters […]

Penguins and Global Warming

The Antarctic Peninsula is among the region that is warming the fastest and the melting of its glaciers is contributing to global sea level rise. The rise in global temperature is threatening the existence of one of the most popular symbols of Antarctica – the penguin. The environmental conservation group WWF has warned that rising […]

The Dangers of Gas Hydrates

Gas hydrates have a crystalline form and resemble ice. Gases are typically trapped within the hydrates, which can be found inside of permafrost or in sediments below the seafloor. The most common gas trapped inside of the hydrates (or clathrates) is methane. They are usually formed in cold, high pressure areas and have a compact […]

M-Bot Cleaner: Marine Waste Cleaner Developed by 10-Year Old Kid

I am currently working towards Sustainable Development Goal 14 – Conserve and judiciously use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. My innovation M-Bot Cleaner (Marine Robot Cleaner) intends to provide vital protection (in a sustainable manner) to the marine habitats as it removes the waste from the surface of the water bodies […]

Climate Change and Public Health

Climate change is now a major universal challenge and needs urgent attention. The impacts of climate change are not only restricted to the physical and climatological events like changing weather patterns, heavy rainfalls, floods, hurricanes, droughts, wildfires, heat stress, food and water shortages etc. but also has a major impact on individual and public health. Climate change is severely affecting […]

Winter Smog – Causes, Impacts and Management

The recent winter smog in New Delhi was in the news worldwide. This year, the air quality during the winter hit a record low as per global standards which not only caused massive disruption in daily activities but also created a mass public health crisis with spike in patient population with asthma and lung and […]

Negative Effects of Industrialization

When exploration of crude oil, coal mining occurs and burning of fossil fuels there is an increase in atmospheric carbon which is higher than natural sedimentation of Carbon as observed in industrialized nations.  In the last two and a half centuries, the concentration of Co2 in the atmosphere has increased by one third. Ecosystems which were a […]

Climate Change and Penguins

The Antarctic Peninsula is among the region that is warming the fastest and the melting of its glaciers is contributing to global sea level rise. The rise in global temperature is threatening the existence of one of the most popular symbols of Antarctica – the penguin. The environmental conservation group WWF has warned that rising […]

Methodology of Composting

The methodology of composting can be categorized into three major segments—anaerobic composting, aerobic composting, and vermicomposting. In anaerobic composting, the organic matter is decomposed in the absence of air. Organic matter may be collected in pits and covered with a thick layer of soil and left undisturbed six to eight months. The compost so formed may […]

Why Small Communities Struggle with Conventional Water Treatment

Smaller communities generally have a tougher time growing and modernizing. The community infrastructure does not benefit from the same economies of scale as they do in larger metropolitan areas. However, this does not mean there are no solutions to infrastructure challenges, especially for water treatment. Often times we believe it to be a funding issue, […]

Waste as a Source of Energy

Wastes can be transformed into clean and efficient energy and fuel by a variety of technologies, ranging from conventional combustion process to state-of-the art plasma gasification technology. Besides recovery of substantial energy, these technologies can lead to a substantial reduction in the overall waste quantities requiring final disposal, which can be better managed for safe […]

Insights into Aeration Mechanism

If small enough, or even microscopic bubbles are achieved, as is possible with Aeration Turbines, supersaturation takes place – where oxygen levels are pushed beyond their natural limits. In normal circumstances, water will automatically drop oxygen levels back to their natural threshold, so there seems to be no point in doing this. The combination of […]

Environmental Impacts Of Globalization

Globalization was meant to change the world– and it did. The founding idea of globalization is that no country should be restricted to their own borders; that the world is part of a large community rather than restricted to small countries. Globalization aimed to take borders down, to unite everyone, to make us all citizens […]

Hydrogen Sulphide Removal from Biogas

Hydrogen sulphide, a major contaminant in biogas, is both poisonous and corrosive, and causes significant damage to piping, equipment and instrumentation. The concentration of various components of biogas has an impact on its ultimate end use. While boilers can withstand concentrations of H2S up to 1000 ppm, and relatively low pressures, internal combustion engines operate best when […]

An Introduction to Greenhouse Gases

Greenhouse gases are generally any gas molecules or compounds in the atmosphere which interact with outgoing infrared radiation from the sun and thus contribute to the Greenhouse Effect by warming the atmosphere. The major constituents of the atmosphere such as nitrogen (N2) and oxygen (O2) do not interact with infrared radiation and, thus are not […]

Environmental Impacts of Fracking

Fracking is a method to stimulate or improve fluid flow from rocks in the subsurface. Advancements in extraction technologies have enabled drillers to reach previously inaccessible gas in geological formations. The technique involves pumping water-rich fluid into a borehole until the fluid pressure at depth causes the rock to fracture. The pumped fluid contains small […]

Barriers to Mass Applications of Mycorrhizal Fungi

Mycorrhizal fungi forms association with a lot of plant roots and studies have shown that they help plant nutrient and water uptake as well as help in increased pathogen and disease resistance. Mycorrhizal fungi (or MF) can be applied to plants where soil conditions are poor (ectomycorrhizal) or where there is a high risk of plant […]

Enumerating Advantages of RDF

Solid waste is a growing problem in all countries, and a critical problem in almost all the cities of the developing world. Developed countries have in recent years reduced the environmental impact of solid waste through sanitary landfills and high-temperature incineration, as well as conserving natural resources and energy through increased recycling, but the volume […]

Can Agriculture Be A Success Story For Singapore

Lately many people seem to be wondering if agricultural development could succeed in Singapore. Kenny Eng, the president of the Kranji Countryside Association, seems to think so suggesting that the farms in Singapore should be valued for more than the economic productive capabilities that they possess. They question is why agriculture couldn’t be a success? […]

EcoMENA Wins Top International Award for Environmental Awareness

EcoMENA, a Qatari non-profit environmental organization, has won the National Energy Globe Award 2017, one of the most prestigious environmental prizes worldwide. The award is in recognition of the environmental awareness and conservation efforts initiated by EcoMENA through an innovative community-based knowledge dissemination project focussed on the entire MENA region. The award is presented by […]

Shale Gas – A Layman’s Perspectives

All else being equal, is fracking something we should welcome? Advocates of shale gas present it as ushering in a new age of cheap energy and increased self-sufficiency. But is it really going to be economically beneficial and will it reduce our bills? Is it ethical and sustainable? Let us look at exactly what this […]

Output from a Biogas Plant

A biogas plant produces two outputs, biogas and digestate; both can be further processed or utilized to produce secondary outputs. Biogas can be used for producing electricity and heat, as a natural gas substitute and also a transportation fuel. A combined heat and power plant system (CHP) not only generates power but also produces heat […]

Few Words on Landfill Gas

Landfill gas (or LFG) is an asset as well as a serious threat. If we extract it right on time and preserve it then it will act as a valuable asset and if we leave as it is then it will be a serious threat as it can explode at any time. Landfill gas is […]

Current Limits in Aeration Technology

Put a steel pin or a small aluminium disk gently on the surface of water and it will make a slight dent but it will stay there. It will not sink, even though both aluminium and steel have a lot higher density than water. This demonstrates the toughness of any normal water surface, where water […]

Introduction to Hydrothermal Carbonization

Most would agree that the production of biofuels is important, even necessary, for our future. There are significant differences in the production of various biofuels, especially concerning the production of biocoal, which will impact the acceptance and use of biofuel in the future. This article focuses on one technology for the production of biocoal which […]

What is Trigeneration

Trigeneration or CCHP (combined cooling, heat and power) refers to the simultaneous generation of electricity and useful heating and cooling from the combustion of a biomass fuel or a solar heat collector. Conventional coal or nuclear-powered power stations convert only about 33% of their input heat to electricity. The remaining 67% emerges from the turbines as low-grade waste […]

Urban Heat Island Effect: Causes, Impacts and Mitigation

The urban heat island (UHI) effect arises due to absorption of incident radiation from the sun by built surfaces of tall buildings, roof, concrete structures and asphalt roads and then releasing it in the form of heat. The term “urban heat island” describes the built-up areas that are significantly hotter than the surrounding open, natural […]

Why Ocean Acidification Matters

There is a forlorn hope that spraying 7 billion tonnes per year of fossil carbon (in the form of carbon dioxide) from the combustion of coal, oil and gas into the atmosphere will have little impact on the chemical structure of the atmosphere and the oceans. Sadly, this is not the case. Since the industrial […]