What is a Thermal Power Plant and How Does it Work?

australia-energy-sector

Power plants are industrial facilities where the electrical power is generated. Power plants generally have one or more generators or heating machine which assist in generating the electrical power. There are different forms of power plants which are radically defined based on the resources they use to convert the fuels to electrical power. A thermal […]

Antibody Screening: What Is It and Why We do It?

uses of antibody screening

The most common way to diagnose a disease is through the use of blood or tissue tests. These tests are not always specific and sensitive enough for detecting any type of disorder, which leads to potential misdiagnoses. To overcome this issue, there have been many new developments in antibody screening that can be used for […]

COP21: A Message from Sudan

On Monday November 30th the COP21 commenced in Paris with a leaders’ event at Le Bourget. Each head of state carried out a speech, and statements were different in their contexts let alone the fact that some heads of state had the opportunity to speak and skipped their turn. It is maybe because they are […]

Everything You Need to Know About Dust

dust-free-home

Our approach to cleaning is scientific in nature. We never assume that the way we clean is the best way, only an increasingly better way. By looking closely at the way we humans have approached the cleaning of our homes over eons has unearthed some intriguing insights. I’ve been cleaning houses now for over thirty […]

How 3D Printers Have Made the Life of Teachers Easy

This is the age of technology. Science is introducing us with new things day by day that is extremely helpful to us. Technology has changed our standard of living. Nowadays we are surrounded by machines that are preparing fantastic and interesting things for us that not only facilitate us but also entertain us in a […]

Passive Solar Design: Green Energy For Air Conditioning and Heating

passive-solar-AC

Passive solar design is a method to collect solar energy using windows, walls, floors etc and distribute it to the room during winters to maintain considerably high temperature than outside or reject it to maintain inside temperature considerably cool during summer thus providing a natural air-conditioning system. The system does not require any mechanical or […]

Everything You Should Know About the Uses of Mycorrhizal Fungi

uses of mycorhizza

Mycorrhizal fungi forms association with a lot of plant roots and studies have shown that they help plant nutrient and water uptake as well as help in increased pathogen and disease resistance. Mycorrhizal fungi can be applied to plants where soil conditions are poor (ectomycorrhizal) or where there is a high risk of plant pathogens […]

The Implication of Ocean Acidification on Marine Life

what is ocean acidification

There is a forlorn hope that spraying 7 billion tonnes per year of fossil carbon (in the form of carbon dioxide) from the combustion of coal, oil and gas into the atmosphere will have little impact on the chemical structure of the atmosphere and the oceans. Sadly, this is not the case. Since the industrial […]

Things to Know About the Hazardous Nature of Gas Hydrates

dangers of gas hydrate

Gas hydrates have a crystalline form and resemble ice. Gases are typically trapped within the hydrates, which can be found inside of permafrost or in sediments below the seafloor. The most common gas trapped inside of the hydrates (or clathrates) is methane. They are usually formed in cold, high pressure areas and have a compact […]

Singapore Math: Changing The Way We Solve Problems

singapore-math-program

American’s aptitude for mathematics isn’t adding up. In actuality, our country is falling way behind. According to The Program for International Student Assessment, the United States ranks 37th in mathematical performance compared to other countries across the globe. Conversely, Asia not only holds the top seven spots, but their educators have also paved the way […]

All You Need to Know About Future Renewable Energy Systems

renewable-energy

We have a lot of renewable energy sources in the past 50 years because of the hard work of scientists. But the problem is that these are very expensive and their productivity depends on the weather. Scientists are now trying to find out how alternate methods can be found. The source of energy that will supply […]

Why Math Experts Established the BODMAS Rule?

bodmas

If you had to quickly figure out which math operation to perform first in the following expression, which says 3 + 6 – 4 x 5, you might get confused to proceed with addition, subtraction or multiplication. To ease this confusion, the BODMAS rule was established in order to help students remember the correct order […]

The Difference Between the Most Popular Types of Radiation Detectors

Scintillation detector

To measure radiation, people use different varieties of detectors. Some devices are better suited for professionals. Others are popular among the general public: they are sold at an affordable price and even a newbie will understand how to use them in just a couple of minutes. Radiation detectors differ by the environment that they can […]

Is Drinking Rainwater Dangerous for Health?

rainwater

Is drinking rainwater dangerous for human health? The short answer: in some cases. Below are details on the kind of rainwater you can drink and not drink, as well as the things that can be done to make rainwater safer for consumption. Rainwater You Should Avoid Drinking Each drop of rain passes the atmosphere before […]

How to Treat Industrial Wastewater without Chemicals?

water-treatment

According to The United Nations World Water Development Report 2017, the volumes of industrial wastewater could double by 2025, while the market for wastewater treatment technologies is also predicted to grow as much by 2020. This shouldn’t be a surprise since wastewater can present an opportunity for cost saving and reducing water dependency when managed […]

Cold Sores and Canker Sores: The Differences and Treatments

cold-sores

Cold sores and cranker sores are common ailments. In Germany, for example, around 78 percent of people have experienced a flare up associated with the herpes simplex virus one (HSV1), which causes cold sores. Both cold sores and cranker sores appear near the mouth, but they are definitely not the same condition. And knowing the […]

The Importance of Reagent Preparation Systems

reagent

Almost every industry uses certain chemicals. Plants that have anything to do with organic chemistry rely on reagents to perform all kinds of testing for their products. These substances have wide use in the pharmacy, cosmetic industry, transportation, oil industry, etc. These substances must be properly stored and prepared to be used in the best […]

Current Limits in Aeration Technology

aeration-technology

Put a steel pin or a small aluminium disk gently on the surface of water and it will make a slight dent but it will stay there. It will not sink, even though both aluminium and steel have a lot higher density than water. This demonstrates the toughness of any normal water surface, where water […]

5 Algae Innovations for Environment Protection

algaculture

Sustainability in the construction sector is a focus that needs to be made a priority in order to make a realistic transition to a low-carbon economy. Algae-powered Innovations is one such solution that can significantly benefit our environment and preserve our fast-depleting natural resources. As a source of power that is both viable and ethically […]

Role of Chemical Pollution in Disease Proliferation

chemical-pollution

While the effects of chemical pollution on human health are poorly defined, its contribution to the global burden of disease is almost certainly underestimated. Diseases caused by pollution were responsible for an estimated 9 million premature deaths in 2015—16% of all deaths worldwide, which is three times more deaths than from AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria […]

Everything You Need to Know About Climate Variability

Earth’s climate has always been affected by a range of natural factors. It is known to have changed significantly during recorded history, even before gaseous emissions from human activity could have posed any significant threat to atmospheric or climatic conditions. Natural climate variability can arise from natural forcing mechanism which includes both internal oscillations and […]

Winter Smog – Causes, Impacts and Management

winter-smog

In many developing countries, the air quality during the winter months plummet due to winter smog which not only causes massive disruption in daily activities but also create a mass public health crisis with spike in patient population with asthma and lung and respiratory diseases during the period of its occurrence. Let us explore the […]

Creating Artificial Rain by Building Small Hadley Cells

hadley-cells

There is a method to increase precipitation called “Cloud seeding”. Artificial rain by utilizing sunlight – Hadley microcell – is another interesting approach for creating artificial rain.  Hadley cell is a natural phenomenon and part of Hadley cell close to the equator receives rich precipitation. Why rain happens? There are several mechanisms of creating precipitations […]

How Weather Affects Solar Panels?

solar-panels-FAQs

Solar panels are an inevitable roof addition to install in order to cut electricity costs and contribute to the environment. Technology has became so advanced that panels nowadays can be almost unnoticeable or become a unique addition to your roofing system. More and more people decide to put them on their property motivated by all […]

Negative Effects of Industrialization

When exploration of crude oil, coal mining occurs and burning of fossil fuels there is an increase in atmospheric carbon which is higher than natural sedimentation of Carbon as observed in industrialized nations.  In the last two and a half centuries, the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere has increased by one third. Ecosystems which were a […]

M-Bot Cleaner: Marine Waste Cleaner Developed by 10-Year Old Kid

I am currently working towards Sustainable Development Goal 14 – Conserve and judiciously use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. My innovation M-Bot Cleaner (Marine Robot Cleaner) intends to provide vital protection (in a sustainable manner) to the marine habitats as it removes the waste from the surface of the water bodies […]

Benefits of Gas Chromatography vs Thin Layer Chromatography

GC-training-program

Thanks to advances in testing and analysis technology, there is an increasing demand for trained and highly skilled testing professionals. The impressive progress in improving testing equipment has also caused a rise in demand for analytical chemists. Gas chromatography is one of the highest demanded training courses from aspiring chemists and scientists worldwide. This has […]

Insights into Aeration Mechanism

aeration-mechanism

If small enough, or even microscopic bubbles are achieved, as is possible with Aeration Turbines, supersaturation takes place – where oxygen levels are pushed beyond their natural limits. In normal circumstances, water will automatically drop oxygen levels back to their natural threshold, so there seems to be no point in doing this. The combination of […]

Why 1.5 Degrees Matters for the Developing World

global-warming

The world cannot achieve the sustainable development goals pledged for in 2016 by going higher than 1.5°C.  Currently we are 1.1 degree C above pre-industrial era.  Many countries are facing the effects of the rise in global temperatures. The increase of global temperature by  1.5 Degrees will have major adverse effects on least developed countries […]

An Easy Guide to Shale Gas

shale-gas

All else being equal, is fracking something we should welcome? Advocates of shale gas present it as ushering in a new age of cheap energy and increased self-sufficiency. But is it really going to be economically beneficial and will it reduce our utility bills? Is it ethical and sustainable? Let us look at exactly what […]

Environmental Impacts of Fracking

fracking-environmental-impacts

Fracking is a method to stimulate or improve fluid flow from rocks in the subsurface. Advancements in extraction technologies have enabled drillers to reach previously inaccessible gas in geological formations. The technique involves pumping water-rich fluid into a borehole until the fluid pressure at depth causes the rock to fracture. The pumped fluid contains small […]

An Introduction to Greenhouse Gases

Greenhouse-Gas-Emissions

Greenhouse gases are generally any gas molecules or compounds in the atmosphere which interact with outgoing infrared radiation from the sun and thus contribute to the Greenhouse Effect by warming the atmosphere. The major constituents of the atmosphere such as nitrogen (N2) and oxygen (O2) do not interact with infrared radiation and, thus are not […]

Climate Change and Public Health

Climate change is now a major universal challenge and needs urgent attention. The impacts of climate change are not only restricted to the physical and climatological events like changing weather patterns, heavy rainfalls, floods, hurricanes, droughts, wildfires, heat stress, food and water shortages etc. but also has a major impact on individual and public health. Climate change is severely affecting […]

Dealing with Mercury Spill

Mercury finds widespread use in medical devices, industrial instruments, lighting etc. The most common applications are in high-pressure sodium lamps and fluorescent bulbs, thermostats, spent batteries, sphygmomanometers, thermometers and dental amalgams. More mercury going to landfills The amount of mercury going into landfills is increasing every year because of the growing use of mercury-based healthcare, […]

Our Health Is Our Greatest Wealth

preserving-health

In partnership with Elysium Health, we wish to highlight the importance of good health. In order to live a fulfilling life, there are certain desires that we all have. We want to be able to have a happy family life, we want to avoid poverty, and we want to be able to have good health. […]

Can Families Really Save Both Money and Energy?

Green energy technologies have brought many improvements and opened up numerous possibilities, enabling small businesses and households to generate their own power and even make profit, all the while preserving the environment. But just like all other technologies, they too have their drawbacks. Green energy technologies rely on generating electricity using renewable resources, such as […]

Everything You Need to Know About Water Current Turbines

water-turbine

Generation of energy using ocean water currents is one of the most important yet unexplored and neglected topic. Water current turbines are energy contributors which can reduce conventional energy dependency and decrease dependence on conventional fossil fuels in the country. In case of water current turbines, issue of space comes nowhere, what matters is the […]

Electron Microscope: What Is It and How Does It Work?

antibody screening

Our eyes are engineered to see things in a more ‘bigger picture’ manner. When we look at objects we only see the whole and not the parts that go into making the whole. Looking at a piece of paper on your desk you are only able to discern that it is paper. Your eyes are […]

Algae Biorefinery Project in Saudi Arabia

algaculture

The King Abdulaziz City for Science & Technology (KACST) is funding an innovative project called Saudi Arabia Biorefinery from Algae (SABA Project) to screen for lipid hyper-producers species in Saudi Arabia coastal waters. These species will be the basis for next-generation algal biofuel production. The goal of this project is to increase research and training […]

Biogas from Industrial Wastes

Biogas (or anaerobic digestion) technology is an attractive way to manage organic wastes in a sustainable manner. Organic waste includes a wide range of organic materials obtained from domestic, industrial and commercial operations. Most of the organic waste generated in developing countries is dumped into the landfills where it is not only responsible for large-scale greenhouse gas […]

Climate Change Contrarians – A Compendium

Everyone is concerned about global warming and climate change, one of today’s hottest topics. Just looking up these terms in any search engine will turn millions of results. It is a topic growing in importance and it is the duty of every global citizen to understand this phenomenon. There is a consensus among 97% of […]

EcoMENA Wins Top International Award for Environmental Awareness

EcoMENA, a Qatari non-profit environmental organization, has won the National Energy Globe Award 2017, one of the most prestigious environmental prizes worldwide. The award is in recognition of the environmental awareness and conservation efforts initiated by EcoMENA through an innovative community-based knowledge dissemination project focussed on the entire MENA region. The award is presented by […]

The Promise of Biochar and Bio Oil

Biomass pyrolysis transforms organic material such as agricultural residues and wood chips into three main components: syngas, bio-oil and biochar (which contain about 60 per cent of the carbon contained in the biomass. Biomass pyrolysis process can be used to sequester the carbon and  remove circulating carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and stores it in virtually […]

Waste as a Source of Energy

meat

Wastes can be transformed into clean and efficient energy and fuel by a variety of technologies, ranging from conventional combustion process to state-of-the art plasma gasification technology. Besides recovery of substantial energy, these technologies can lead to a substantial reduction in the overall waste quantities requiring final disposal, which can be better managed for safe […]

Advances in Aeration Turbine Technology

The future of aeration technology lies in really dynamic solutions, such as turbines. They are in jet planes and even cars, hydro power plants, steam turbines, gas turbines and as wind turbines. They convert electricity to various kinds of flow and vice versa. Surely this is where the action is, so work should be done […]

Jatropha – The Wonder Crop

Jatropha is a genus of nearly 175 species of shrubs, low-growing plants, and trees.  However, discussions of Jatropha as a biodiesel feedstock are actually means a particular species of the plant, Jatropha curcas. The plant is indigenous to parts of Central America, however it has spread to other tropical and subtropical regions in Africa and Asia. Jatropha […]

A Glance at Drilling Wastes Management

Drilling waste management technologies and practices can be grouped into three major categories: minimization, recycle/reuse, and disposal. During the exploration and production of oil, huge amounts of drilling wastes are produced in the form of mud and cuttings. As per conservative estimates, around 0.37 kg of drilling wastes is generated for every barrel of oil […]