3 Reasons to Replace Your Spark Plugs Regularly

Spark plugs constitute a small but integral part of a vehicle’s motor as they provide the much-needed spark that creates the ignition for the combustion of the air and fuel mixture within the engine’s cylinders. This continuous ignition that occurs within the engine’s cylinders is what keeps a vehicle moving on the road. This means […]

Overview of Biomass CHP

Biomass CHP is the simultaneous generation of multiple forms of useful energy (usually mechanical and thermal) in a single, integrated system using biomass wastes. Biomass conversion technologies transform a variety of wastes into heat, electricity and biofuels by employing a host of strategies. Conversion routes are generally thermochemical or biochemical, but may also include chemical and physical. […]

Peat as Energy Resource

Peat is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation. One of the most common components is Sphagnum moss, although many other plants can contribute. Peat forms in wetland conditions, where flooding obstructs flows of oxygen from the atmosphere, reducing rates of decomposition. Bogs are the most important source of peat. Since organic matter accumulates over thousands of years, peat deposits also provide records […]

Working of a Thermal Power Plant

Power plants are industrial facilities where the electrical power is generated. Power plants generally have one or more generators or heating machine which assist in generating the electrical power. There are different forms of power plants which are radically defined based on the resources they use to convert the fuels to electrical power. A thermal […]

Thermal Technologies for Biomass Conversion

A wide range of thermal technologies exists to convert the energy stored in biomass to more useful forms of energy. These technologies can be classified according to the principal energy carrier produced in the conversion process. Carriers are in the form of heat, gas, liquid and/or solid products, depending on the extent to which oxygen […]

Applications of Biogas

The most common method for utilization of biogas in developing countries is for cooking and lighting, especially in rural areas. Conventional gas burners and gas lamps can easily be adjusted to biogas by changing the air to gas ratio. Burning biogas in a boiler is an established and reliable technology. Low demands are set on the […]

Introduction to Biomass Pyrolysis

Pyrolysis is the thermal decomposition of biomass occurring in the absence of oxygen. It is the fundamental chemical reaction that is the precursor of both the combustion and gasification processes and occurs naturally in the first two seconds. The products of biomass pyrolysis include biochar, bio-oil and gases including methane, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and carbon […]

Pathways for Waste-to-Energy Conversion

The conversion of waste-to-energy can proceed along three main pathways – thermochemical, biochemical and physicochemical. Thermochemical conversion, characterized by higher temperature and conversion rates, is best suited for lower moisture feedstock and is generally less selective for products. On the other hand, biochemical technologies are more suitable for wet wastes which are rich in organic […]

Energy from Woody Biomass

Processing of wood yields by-products and waste streams collectively called residues, which have significant energy potential. A wide range of woody biomass resources are available for transformation into energy in natural forests, rural areas and urban centres. There are many ways to generate electricity from woody biomass using thermo-chemical pathway. These include directly-fired or conventional steam […]