Climate Change and Penguins

The Antarctic Peninsula is among the region that is warming the fastest and the melting of its glaciers is contributing to global sea level rise. The rise in global temperature is threatening the existence of one of the most popular symbols of Antarctica – the penguin. The environmental conservation group WWF has warned that rising […]

Ingredients of Climate Finance

One of the central elements of climate change negotiations is climate finance, sometimes also referred to as green finance. Let me quote the definition of Climate finance from the Standing Committee on Finance under the UNFCCC: “Climate finance refers to local, national or transnational financing, which may be drawn from public, private and alternative sources […]

An Introduction to Greenhouse Gases

Greenhouse gases are generally any gas molecules or compounds in the atmosphere which interact with outgoing infrared radiation from the sun and thus contribute to the Greenhouse Effect by warming the atmosphere. The major constituents of the atmosphere such as nitrogen (N2) and oxygen (O2) do not interact with infrared radiation and, thus are not […]

Climate Variability and its Causes

Earth’s climate has always been affected by a range of natural factors. It is known to have changed significantly during recorded history, even before gaseous emissions from human activity could have posed any significant threat to atmospheric or climatic conditions. Natural climate variability can arise from natural forcing mechanism which includes both internal oscillations and […]

A Primer on Carbon Footprinting

With rising awareness of global warming and effects of emissions on the environment, businesses and individuals alike are rising to tackle environmental challenges. Carbon footprinting, the first step to reduce carbon emissions, is the total set of greenhouse gas emissions caused directly or indirectly by an individual, organization, event or product. The main reason for […]

Why Ocean Acidification Matters

There is a forlorn hope that spraying 7 billion tonnes per year of fossil carbon (in the form of carbon dioxide) from the combustion of coal, oil and gas into the atmosphere will have little impact on the chemical structure of the atmosphere and the oceans. Sadly, this is not the case. Since the industrial […]